Descriptions of the Ancient Cities of the Great Persian Empire

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Behistun Inscription


The Behistun inscription (also spelled Bisotun or Bisitun) is a 6th century BC Persian Empire carving, cut deep into a cliff on the Kermanshah-Tehran highway in IranMore »


Ctesiphon (Iraq)


Ctesiphon (or Opis) is located at the confluence of the Tigris and Diyala rivers near Baghdad in what is now Iraq. Opis, the capital city of the Babylonia by the 14th century BC, was the site of a battle between the Babylonian King Nabonidus and the Persians (539 BC), and the site of the European revolt against Alexander the Great (324 BC).More »

Sardis (Turkey)


Sardis was the capital of the Mermnad dynasty (ca. 680-547 BC), with an empire reaching from the Aegean Sea to central Anatolia, flourishing under Lydian kings such as Croesus and Gyges. The Achaemenid king Cyrus the Great sacked the city in 547 BC.More »

Danhaneh Gholaman (Iran)


The site of Dahaneh Gholaman is an Achaemenid period (550-330 BC) Persian site in Sistan-Baluchestan province in Iran and north of Zahedan, on the border of Iran and Afghanistan.More »

Tas Kule (Turkey)


Tas Kule is a tomb, a freestanding monument carved out of an outcrop of limestone bedrock in a valley floor, seven km east of the ancient Lycian and Greek town of Phokaia (Phocaea)--and really nothing else. The tomb, empty of its contents, represents a blend of local Anatolian (Lycian) and Achaemenid period architectural styles.More »
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